The name (meaning ‘oil-press’) of the garden where Jesus prayed in agony before his arrest (Mark 14:32) and located by John [[➝ John the Apostle]] (who does not give the name) across the Kidron valley on the western side of the Mount of Olives. Although Jesus was alone (Luke 22:41) and the disciples were sleeping (Mark 14:37, 40), Jesus' prayer is reported (Mark 14:36). Presumably the substance of the prayer was inferred and recounted as part of the tradition; it is mentioned in Heb. 5:7; and the basic authenticity of the event is supported by its inconsistency with the motif running through the rest of Mark. In that gospel Jesus' passion and death were decreed by the providence of God (Mark 8:31—‘must’). Characteristically different motifs are discernible in the three accounts of Jesus' agony and prayer: Mark notices Jesus' obedience to the Father and the failure of the disciples; Matt. describes Jesus as ‘sorrowful and troubled’ (26:37) moderating Mark's ‘greatly distressed’ (14:33). Luke (who does not mention the name Gethsemane) has portrayed the disciples more sympathetically; certainly they slept, but they were worn out ‘by grief’ (22:45). John omits the scene, but the theme is present in John 12:27–9 and 18:11.

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  • Gethsemane — (Greek ΓεσΘημανι, Gesthēmani Hebrew: גת שמנים , from Aramaic גת שמנא, Gat Šmānê , lit. oil press ) is a garden at the foot of the Mount of Olives in Jerusalem believed to be the place where Jesus and his disciples prayed the night before the… …   Wikipedia

  • Gethsemane — name of a garden on the Mount of Olives in Jerusalem [Matt. xxvi:36 46], from Gk. Gethsemane, from Aramaic gath shemani(m) oil press …   Etymology dictionary

  • Gethsemane — [geth sem′ə nē] n. [Gr Gethsēmanē < Aram gat shemanin, lit., oil press: ? because such a press was located there] 1. Bible a garden on the Mount of Olives, east of Jerusalem, scene of the agony, betrayal, and arrest of Jesus: Matt. 26:36 2.… …   English World dictionary

  • Gethsemăne — (d.i. Ölkelter, a. Geogr.), Vorwerk am Fuße des Ölbergs bei Jerusalem (s.d.), jenseit des Baches Kidron, wo Jesus von Judas seinen Feinden verrathen wurde; hier hatte bei der Belagerung Jerusalems durch die Römer die 10. Legion ihr Lager …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Gethsemane — (»Ölkelter«), Vorwerk am Fuß des Ölbergs bei Jerusalem, jenseit des Baches Kidron, bekannt aus der Leidensgeschichte Jesu. Der acht alte Ölbäume umschließende Ort ist im Besitz der Franziskaner, die ihn 1847 mit einer Mauer umgeben haben. S. den… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Gethsemane — Gethsemăne (d.i. Ölkelter), Hof oder Garten am Fuße des Ölberges bei Jerusalem, Ort der Gefangennahme Jesu; jetzt im Besitz der Franziskaner …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • Gethsemane — • The place in which Jesus Christ suffered the Agony and was taken prisoner by the Jews Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006 …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Gethsemane — Gethsemanic, gethsemanic /geth seuh man ik/, adj. /geth sem euh nee/, n. 1. a garden east of Jerusalem, near the brook of Kedron: scene of Jesus agony and betrayal. Matt. 26:36. 2. (l.c.) a scene or occasion of suffering; calvary. * * * Garden… …   Universalium

  • Gethsemane — Der Garten Getsemani. Zwischen den Bäumen erkennt man die Kirche aller Nationen, im Hintergrund die russisch orthodoxe Maria Magdalena Kirche. Olivenernte im Garten G …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Gethsemane —    Oil press, the name of an olive yard at the foot of the Mount of Olives, to which Jesus was wont to retire (Luke 22:39) with his disciples, and which is specially memorable as being the scene of his agony (Mark 14:32; John 18:1; Luke 22:44).… …   Easton's Bible Dictionary

  • Gethsemane — Geth|se|ma|ne […ne ], Geth|se|ma|ni, (ökum.:) Getsemani: Garten am Ölberg bei Jerusalem, die Stätte der Gefangennahme Christi. * * * Gethsemane   [hebräisch »Ölkelter«], die Stätte des Gebets und der Gefangennahme Jesu (Markus 14, 32), am Fuß des …   Universal-Lexikon

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